The Cold War: 1945 to 1989
The Cold War was not a traditional war. It was a war that waged more through diplomatic measures than directly military conflicts. The two Super Powers of the Cold War Era, the Soviet Union and the United States of America, ver engaged in a directly sustained military conflct. Yet, they teeterd on the verge of nuclear holocaust for more than four decades.
Communism is a political sibling of socialism. Merriam-Webster defines communism as: a : a doctrine based on revolutionary Marxian socialism and Marxism-Leninism that was the official ideology of the U.S.S.R. b : a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production c : a final stage of society in Marxist theory in which the state has withered away and economic goods are distributed equitably.
Communism took hold in Russia in 1917 with the Bolshevik Revolution. This revolution paved the way for the creation of the Soviet Union, or the USSR. The Soviets were the primary enemy of the United States throughout the Cold War.